7- Shi/The Multitude; changing lines 2,3 to 15-Qian/ Humbleness
(Huang 89): "To the ancients, war was evil. It should not be undertaken lightly, but only when absolutely necessary. And the purpose of military affairs should be righteous. Only a person of noble character and high prestige could take charge of military affairs."
Associated Month: May
7- Earth over Water- this is an image of an underground well- a resource to sustain; other translations of the word shi call this gua "The Army", or something along that line. Huang argues that ancient China did not utilize what we call a standing army- there were not soldiers in the sense of the word we think of it, even though most people trained in martial arts to be ready in case there was a need for defense. Then, once the campaign was over, every soldier simply went back into the regular life of the multitude. A hidden army within civilian life, warriors amongst the rest-water covered by earth.
7_ line 2: a responsive commander (to the superior) receives a post, garment, and title
7_ line 3: self-willed and opinionated, a commander tries to override the superior- “the multitude takes charge”- [the inmates running the asylum] [improper to have those with too much inexperience, who are unqualified, or not fit for the task running the show]